June 23, 2023

Cap Rates in Commercial Real Estate & The Challenges Non-Silicon Valley Funds Face in 2024

How to start saving money

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Why it is important to start saving

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How much money should I save?

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What percentege of my income should go to savings?

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Cap Rates in Commercial Real Estate & The Challenges Non-Silicon Valley Funds Face in 2024

Cap rates, or capitalization rates, are a key metric in commercial real estate that measures the return on investment (ROI) based on the income the property is expected to generate. They’re calculated by dividing the property's net operating income (NOI) by its current market value or purchase price. 

Cap rates vary a lot across different cities and types of properties due to factors like local market conditions, economic outlook, property location, and property type. If you’re thinking of raising a commercial real estate fund in 2024 or 2025, this blog post will give you an overview on current cap rates and also explain what you’ll be up against if you’re not from Silicon Valley.

Variations in Cap Rates:

1. City-Specific Factors

   - New York City: NYC has generally lower cap rates due to high property values and strong demand.

   - Houston: Higher cap rates compared to coastal cities, reflecting greater perceived risk and lower property values.

   - San Francisco: Very low cap rates, driven by high demand and limited supply.

2. Property Types:

   - Office Buildings: Often have lower cap rates in prime locations due to stable tenant bases and long lease terms.

   - Retail Properties: Cap rates can be higher, especially in areas with declining retail foot traffic.

   - Industrial Properties: Cap rates may be lower in logistic hubs like Los Angeles due to high demand for warehouse space.

   - Multifamily Properties: Typically have lower cap rates in cities with strong rental markets.

Challenges for Non-Silicon Valley Real Estate Funds ($100M-$200M)

1. Access to Capital:

   - Limited Investor Base: Funds outside major hubs like Silicon Valley may find it harder to attract investors. Silicon Valley benefits from a concentration of high-net-worth individuals and institutions familiar with real estate investments.

   - Higher Costs: Non-Silicon Valley funds might face higher borrowing costs due to perceived higher risks.

2. Economic and Demographic Trends:

   - Population Growth: Areas with stagnant or declining populations pose a risk for real estate investments. Growth areas typically offer better returns but might be more competitive.

   - Economic Health: Regional economic conditions significantly impact property values and rental income. Areas dependent on a single industry (e.g., oil towns) can be risky.

3. Competition:

   - Local Investors: Competing with local investors who have better market knowledge and established networks.

   - Institutional Investors: Larger institutional investors can drive up property prices and cap rates, making it difficult for smaller funds to compete. (Take a look at the list of all non-Silicon Valley CRE funds raised after 2022, and aside from one notable exception, most are $1Bish funds).

4. Regulatory and Environmental Factors:

   - Zoning Laws: Local zoning laws and regulations can impact the development and profitability of real estate projects.

   - Environmental Risks: Areas prone to natural disasters (e.g., hurricanes, floods) pose additional risks and insurance costs.

Summary

Understanding cap rates involves analyzing the local market conditions and property-specific factors. For non-Silicon Valley real estate funds, the primary challenges include securing capital, acquiring local market expertise, navigating economic and demographic trends, facing competition, and managing regulatory and environmental risks.

For more detailed information, you can explore the following sources:

- [Forbes on Real Estate Cap Rates]

- [Investopedia on Cap Rates]

- [National Real Estate Investor on Market Trends]

Adam Metz
CEO
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